Sunday, March 15, 2009

English Grammar Point: Using the Gerund

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The Gerund

What is a gerund? How do you use it?

The OWL at Purdue University defines a gerund as "a verbal that ends in -ing and functions as a noun. The term verbal indicates that a gerund, like the other two kinds of verbals, is based on a verb and therefore expresses action or a state of being."

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Using a gerund is helpful to express oneself in English.

"To use" is the verb while the -ing form "using" is the gerund. When a verb is turned into a noun, a gerund is formed.

Gerund Usage

Since a gerund is a noun, it may occupy the same position of nouns in a sentence: a subject, subject compliment of verb 'to be,' direct object, and object of preposition, phrasal verbs, compound nouns, and certain expressions.

We will examine each case in later posts.

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