Saturday, March 21, 2009

English Grammar Point: "-ing" not always a gerund!

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"-ing" ending could also be a present participle

When a verb ends in -ing, it may be a gerund or a present participle. It is important to understand that they are not the same.

When we use a verb in -ing form more like a noun, it is usually a gerund:

  • Bowling is fun. (Verbal noun - gerund)

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When we use a verb in -ing form more like a verb or an adjective, it is usually a present participle:

  • Juani is bowling. (is bowling is the present participle)
  • I have a boring teacher. (boring is the adjective)
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