military conquests, and resulting fame and fortune.
In 49 BC, his popularity rivaled the Senate and many feared a dictatorship Roman law prohibited a general to cross the Rubicon River (a mere stream) in northern Italy with a standing army.
"the die is cast" and crossed the Rubicon and later seized Rome.
Thus the two expressions are in English till today:
1) the die is cast - a decision has been made that cannot be altered and fate will decide the consequences.
2) to cross the Rubicon - to go forward with not point of return.
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